A barrier-free internet presence means that people with disabilities have access to internet sites of the state authorities and universities in Reihnland-Pfalz and can use the information without restriction.
Universities are obliged to make their websites accessible. The basis for this is the requirements of the Federal Ordinance on the Creation of Barrier-Free Information Technology (BITV 2.0) according to the Disability Equality Act of 12 September 2011.
The BITV 2 is based on 4 principles:
Images, diagrams, graphics, videos and audios should be accessible to people with visual and hearing impairments, e.g. through structured content, enough contrasts. In addition, images, diagrams etc. are to be underlaid with a description that can be perceived by blind and visually impaired people acoustically via a screen reader.
The operation of a page should be possible without technical barriers, e.g. enable usability with Flash and Java via keyboard.
For the comprehensibility of a web page not only a clearly worded text is important, but also a simple navigation, e.g. Bread crumb path, labeling of forms.
A website should be able to be used with different browsers, but also with technologies such as a screen reader without restrictions.
What can you do as an accessibility editor?
1. Provide all non-text elements (images, diagrams, etc.) with an alternative text and a title.
2. Make sure that graphics and texts are understandable even without colors. People who are color blind, suffer from a limitation of vision, use a playback device without a color screen or an acoustic reproduction device, do not perceive information whose meaning is based on colors.
3. Use explanatory links. Instead of "clicking here" or linking similar phrases, use a descriptive link, e.g. Further information on accessibility.
4. Designate forms and documents meaningfully.